Popular Snake game with Python-Pygame module. Important: If you try to run this script without special png-wav files it will fail, you have to put following files to a directory with this script. They are basically apple picture, head of snake, intro sound and dead sound. Without them script will not run. Just make inactive the statements intro. Or you can play the game just install it. Its showing the error that there's not module named "pygame". This game is impossible to run because in lines 3,4,5 you import files that you have on your computer.
You need to put links to the data from the files in order for others to be able to use this code. Plus the images are png's that you have saved.
You need to add attachments to all the external files in order for the code to be executed. Salad Burns No, lines 3,4,5 are not files in my computer. They are 3rd part modules. Also I explained the png files on the description, learn Python and read carefully before you comment :.
Copy to clipboard. GetConsoleWindow win32gui. SysFont "comicsansms"80 pygame. Sound "intro. Sound "dead. QUIT : pygame. Tags: gamepygamepythonsnakethe. Required Modules codecs pygame sys win32api win32console win32gui.
copy in Python (Deep Copy and Shallow Copy)
I recommend you open your Python console, click on the left upper icon and select "Properties". Then, on the options tab, check the "Insert mode" and "Quick Edit mode" checkboxes. Now you can copy text by highlighting it with your mouse and pressing Enterand paste text by right-clicking inside the window. Learn more. How to copy and paste by using Keyboard in python?
Asked 9 years, 5 months ago. Active 5 years, 1 month ago. Viewed 67k times. Are you saying that ctrl-c in the interactive mode should be doing anything differently than what it does? Your question is extremely difficult to understand. Include the following information: 1. What are you trying to do.
What do you expect to happen. What happens. Tom Willis: Please normalize. Active Oldest Votes. Tim Pietzcker Tim Pietzcker k 53 53 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. How can I do this in Mac? Facing the same problem.
The Overflow Blog. Podcast is Scrum making you a worse engineer? The Overflow Goodwill hunting.In this article we will discuss how to copy files from one directory to another using shutil. Suppose we a symbolic link link.
If symbolic link is broken i. Very fine site I am a retired chartered surveyor in UK and learning Python and it you are one of few programming sites that takes a basic explanation to a more advanced example within a few easy to follow steps. Trying to follow help files on Python Org is not easy and your site takes off where the main help files fall over.
Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Python : How to copy files from one location to another using shutil. Parameters: src is the file path in string dst can be a directory path or another file path in string.
Returns : It returns the path string of the newly created file. Related Posts: Python : How to move files and Directories? How to check if a file or directory or link exists in Python? Python : How to delete a directory recursively using shutil. How to change current working directory in python? Python : How to remove a file if exists and handle errors os.
How to create a Directory in python? Python : How to Get List of all empty Directories? Trying to follow help files on Python Org is not easy and your site takes off where the main help files fall over Reply.
Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.In Python, Assignment statements do not copy objects, they create bindings between a target and an object.
It only creates a new variable that shares the reference of the original object. Or, sometimes a user wants copies that user can modify without automatically modifying the original at the same time, in order to do that we create copies of objects.
A copy is sometimes needed so one can change one copy without changing the other. In Python, there are two ways to create copies :. In order to make these copy, we use copy module. We use copy module for shallow and deep copy operations. For Example. In the above code, the copy returns a shallow copy of list and deepcopy return a deep copy of list.
Deep copy is a process in which the copying process occurs recursively. It means first constructing a new collection object and then recursively populating it with copies of the child objects found in the original.
In case of deep copy, a copy of object is copied in other object. It means that any changes made to a copy of object do not reflect in the original object. In the above example, the change made in the list did not effect in other lists, indicating the list is deep copied. A shallow copy means constructing a new collection object and then populating it with references to the child objects found in the original.
In case of shallow copy, a reference of object is copied in other object. It means that any changes made to a copy of object do reflect in the original object. In the above example, the change made in the list did effect in other list, indicating the list is shallow copied.
Important Points: The difference between shallow and deep copying is only relevant for compound objects objects that contain other objects, like lists or class instances :.
Writing code in comment?Python provides in-built functions for easily copying files using the Operating System Shell utilities. Following command is used to Copy File shutil. In the code - Declaring variable Applying split function on variable Code Explanation First we are going to check that our "guru Since we have created guru Here we used to create a copy of our existing file "guru This name with. To copy meta-data associated with the file, file permission and other information you have to use " copystat " function.
Before we run this code, we have to delete our copy file "guru Once you deleted the file and run the program it will create a copy of your.
You can go to your O. S shell to verify the information. Here is the code import os import shutil from os import path def main : make a duplicate of an existing file if path. We use the path module to get the file modification time details, and then we are going to use the time classes c time function to convert that into a readable time. So when we run the code, we can see the file guru Code Line It does the same thing giving information about file modification, but it has a different format to represent it.Python - Creating an amazing tool with pyperclip (Auto-Copy-Paste-clipboard)
Here we use Get Modification Time function path. Now instead of using the c time function we going to use From Time Stamp function and going to construct a date time object. In output, you can see file modification time detail is printed out in different format What is an Exception in Python? An exception is an error which happens at the time of execution of a What is Python?
Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language. It has built-in data What are the modules in Python? A module is a file with python code. The code can be in the form Python code editors are designed for the developers to code and debug program easily. Using these In Python, rename method is used to rename a file or directory. It takes two arguments.
Home Testing. Must Learn!When it comes to using Python to copy files, there are two main ways: using the shutil module or the os module. All of the os methods we show here are methods that allow us to execute shell commands from our Python code, which we'll use to execute the copy command Windows or the cp command Unix. You'll notice that many of these methods, in both the shutil module and the os module, have very similar functionality which shouldn't be surprisingbut each varies in functionality from each other very slightly, which I'll explain as well.
The shutil module offers several high level methods to copy files. Here below are the main ones:. This method copies the content of one file into another file.
The destination provided to it must be a writable file, and have a different name than the source file. If the names are the same then it will generate an error. If the destination file already exists, it will be replaced with the newly copied file. For example, the following code will copy a file named "file1.
One interesting and potentially useful feature of shutil. If it is set to Falseand the source file is a symbolic link, then instead of copying the file, a new symbolic link will be created. This method is very similar to copyfilewith the main difference being that in addition to copying the content of the source file, it goes one step further and also copies the file's file system permissions.
Copying file permissions is not a trivial task in most programming languages, so this is a nice feature to have. Each of these parameters are the same as in the copyfile method. For example, the following code will copy "file1. Note : Make sure you don't name your script the same as one of the module you're importing which I mistakenly did when testing code for this article. If you do, then you'll get an error when trying to import that module due to a circular import problem.
As with the previous methods, copy2 method is identical to the copy method, but in addition to copying the file contents it also attempts to preserve all the source file's metadata. If the platform doesn't allow for full metadata saving, then copy2 doesn't return failure and it will just preserve any metadata it can. As we can see from executing our code above, "file1.
However, you may have noticed the creation date was preserved on the new file, unlike with shutil. This method copies the content of a source file into a destination file, from the current source-file position.
What this means is that if you read data from your source file object, then the position you stop reading at is the position copyfileobj starts copying from. The meanings of source and destination file parameters are similar to the previous commands, but now, they refer to objects.
The length parameter is optional and represents the buffer size that is the number of bites kept in memory during the copy process. This option can be useful when copying very large files, as it can speed up the copying process and avoids uncontrolled memory usage.
Python COPY File using shutil.copy(), shutil.copystat()
As we can see, in order to use copyfileobjwe need to open the files in binary mode which is the "b" part of "rb" and "wb".Assignment statements in Python do not copy objects, they create bindings between a target and an object. For collections that are mutable or contain mutable items, a copy is sometimes needed so one can change one copy without changing the other. This module provides generic shallow and deep copy operations explained below. The difference between shallow and deep copying is only relevant for compound objects objects that contain other objects, like lists or class instances :.
A shallow copy constructs a new compound object and then to the extent possible inserts references into it to the objects found in the original. A deep copy constructs a new compound object and then, recursively, inserts copies into it of the objects found in the original. Recursive objects compound objects that, directly or indirectly, contain a reference to themselves may cause a recursive loop.
Because deep copy copies everything it may copy too much, such as data which is intended to be shared between copies. The deepcopy function avoids these problems by:. This module does not copy types like module, method, stack trace, stack frame, file, socket, window, array, or any similar types. Shallow copies of dictionaries can be made using dict.
Classes can use the same interfaces to control copying that they use to control pickling. See the description of module pickle for information on these methods. In fact, the copy module uses the registered pickle functions from the copyreg module.
The former is called to implement the shallow copy operation; no additional arguments are passed. The latter is called to implement the deep copy operation; it is passed one argument, the memo dictionary.
Interface summary: copy. The difference between shallow and deep copying is only relevant for compound objects objects that contain other objects, like lists or class instances : A shallow copy constructs a new compound object and then to the extent possible inserts references into it to the objects found in the original. The deepcopy function avoids these problems by: keeping a memo dictionary of objects already copied during the current copying pass; and letting user-defined classes override the copying operation or the set of components copied.
See also Module pickle Discussion of the special methods used to support object state retrieval and restoration. The Python Software Foundation is a non-profit corporation.
Copy and Paste Python Game
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